When I was little I wanted to be a chemist.
if you see me, say hello.
When I was little I wanted to be a chemist.
A Surprise Pride and Prejudice Engagement
(Note: This isn’t me)
This family is perfect.
A very handy chart! [Click to embiggen]
YES. WHERE HAVE YOU BEEN ALL MY LIFE?
here’s a crow using a jar lid for a sled, if you’re interested in that sort of thing. i know i am.
Crows, man. (If you watch it you will see this is no accidental behavior. The crow has found a Good Game.)
THIS ADVERTISING CAMPAIGN. My graphic designer soul is sobbing
Nothing beats imagination.
Ernest Hemingway: Salt water, rum, coconut and lime, cigar smoke, Spanish wine
F. Scott Fitzgerald: Gin, citrus, oak (prep school, amirite), in a champagne-flute shaped bottle with gold flecks in it
Jane Austen: Darjeeling tea, snowdrops and pansies (flowers from her garden), meadow grass
Dorothy Parker: Whiskey sour, vanilla, mandarin, white musk
Edgar Allan Poe: Poppies, absinthe, sandalwood, and mold
Flannery O’Connor: Church incense, soap, vanilla, ginger
Jack Kerouac: Cigarettes, cheap beer, unwashed youth, patchouli, car leather
the Bronte Sisters: Heather, sea air, vetiver, primrose, black tea
Louisa May Alcott: Fir tree, red currant, blood orange, coffee beans
Tolstoy: Vodka, musk, black tea, black peppercorn, cedar
Sylvia Plath: Freshly washed linen, vanilla, daffodils, lavender
Margaret Mitchell: Musk, magnolia, tea, sugar, gardenia blossoms
Dickens: Cloves, tobacco, patchouli, brandy water, river water
Anne Sexton: Vodka martini, tobacco, lemon verbena, peppermint
Hmmm. I bet I could make some of these.
A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeii, preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud. (via Ridiculously Interesting)
(sigh) I’ve seen these before, but this one’s particularly beautiful.
I feel like I’m supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread that’s been preserved for thousands of years, and don’t get me wrong, that’s hella cool. But honestly, I’m mostly struck by the unexpected news that “bread fraud” was apparently once a serious concern.
Bread Fraud was a huge thing, Bread was provided to the Roman people by the government - bakers were given grain to make the free bread, but some of them stole the government grain to use in other baked goods and would add various substitutes, like sawdust or even worse things, to the bread instead. So if people complained that their free bread was not proper bread, the stamp told them exactly whose bakery they ought to burn down.
Bread stamps continued to be used at least until the Medieval period in Europe. Any commercially sold bread had to be stamped with an official seal to identify the baker to show that it complied with all rules and regulations about size, price, and quality. This way, rotten or undersized loaves could be traced back to the baker. Bakers could be pilloried, sent down the streets in a hurdle cart with the offending loaf tied around their neck, fined, or forbidden to engage in baking commercially ever again in that city. There are records of a baker in London being sent on a hurdle cart because he used an iron rod to increase the weight of his loaves, and another who wrapped rotten dough with fresh who was pilloried. Any baker hurdled three times had to move to a new city if they wanted to continue baking.
If you have made bread, you are probably familiar with a molding board. It’s a flat board used to shape the bread. Clever fraudsters came up with a molding board that had a little hole drilled into it that wasn’t easily noticed. A customer would buy his dough by weight, and then the baker would force some of that dough through the hole, so they could sell and underweight loaf and use the stolen dough to bake new loafs to sell. Molding boards ended up being banned in London after nine different bakers were caught doing this. There were also instances of grain sellers withholding grain to create an artificial scarcity drive up the price of that, and things like bread.
Bread, being one of the main things that literally everyone ate in many parts of the world, ended up with a plethora of rules and regulations. Bakers were probably no more likely to commit fraud than anyone else, but there were so many of them, that we ended up with lots and lots of rules and records of people being shifty.
Check out Fabulous Feasts: Medieval Cookery and Ceremony by Madeleine Pelner Cosman for a whole chapter on food laws as they existed in about 1400. Plus the color plates are fantastic.
Wow. Love learning this stuff - thank you.
So, what this says to me is that government requirements have been used to keep people from screwing each other over for almost 2,000 years. I wish that more people understood this.
I am sorry to disappoint your friend, but I won’t change my url for her. I’ve been using it for six years, and I chose it because sma is a name I go by, too.
Best wishes, sincerely.
Naomi Shihab Nye (b. 1952), “Wandering Around an Albuquerque Airport Terminal.” I think this poem may be making the rounds, this week, but that’s as it should be. (via jazzylittledrops)
Reblogged this before but it fills me with such joy and peace.
The shared world. Yes.
I’ve been super busy the past few weeks, so here’s a two for one post full of recent science news!
The last two weeks in science:
September 2 - 8, 2013:
- Largest volcano on Earth here.
- SpaceShipTwo successful test flight here.
- NASA’s LADEE launched here.
- Echolocation evolution in bats & dolphins here.
- Interstellar wind changed direction here.
- Cleaning world’s oceans in under five years here.
- LEGO releases first female scientist minifig here.
- Gardiner’s frog hears through it’s mouth here.
- New method of turning genes on & off here.
- Delivering healing drugs with nanoparticles here.
- First elephant born from frozen sperm here.
- Butterfly inspired nanodevice here.
September 9 - 15, 2013:
- Voyager I finally reaches interstellar space here.
- World’s thinnest glass here.
- Creating new memories here.
- First biological gears in nature here.
- Reprogramming adult cells into embryo-like state here.
- Life under Antarctic subglacial lake here.
- Self-healing polymer here.
- How & where imagination occurs in brain here.
- Ape skull fossil here.
- Camouflage coating inspired by squids here.
- Bioengineering bacterium here.
- Biological process that decides handedness here.